About this policy
This policy applies to all personnel and volunteers at The Apples & Pears Foundation and sets out our approach to protecting children and young people taking part in the events and activities we support. This policy does not form part of any employee’s contract of employment and we may amend it at any time.
Our commitment to safeguarding
The Apples & Pears Foundation has a responsibility to promote the welfare of all children and young people and to keep them safe and we are committed to work in a way that protects them.
We recognise that:
- the welfare of children is paramount, as enshrined in the Children Act 1989;
- all children, regardless of age, disability, gender, racial heritage, religious belief sexual orientation or identity, have a right to equal protection from all types of harm or abuse;
- some children are additionally vulnerable because of the impact of previous experiences, their level of dependency, communication needs or other issues; and
- working in partnership with children, young people, their parents, their teachers, carers, and other agencies is essential in promoting young people’s welfare.
Designated Safeguarding Lead
The designated Safeguarding Lead at The Apples and Pears Foundation with responsibility for implementing safeguarding policy and practice is currently Khawar Malik (Chief Executive).
The Safeguarding Lead reports to the Board of Trustees, ensuring that safeguarding policy, practice and implementation can be scrutinised by the Board of Trustees where appropriate.
Our approach to safeguarding
To help ensure safer recruitment, we carry out Disclosure and Barring Service checks on our personnel and our volunteers in accordance with our Fair Volunteer Recruitment Policy.
Safeguarding rules of conduct for personnel and volunteers
Our personnel and volunteers must:
- ensure that, at all times they are in the presence of children or young people, they must also remain in the presence of the school staff on site at the relevant event or activity (unless absolutely necessary in the case of emergency);
- not divulge or obtain any contact details to or from a participant child or young person;
- not communicate with a participant child or young person remotely, including by phone or on social media;
- not socialise with a participant child or young person other than at a school event or activity arranged through The Apples and Pears Foundation; and
- not take any photos of a participant child or young person (except that personnel (but not volunteers) may take photos for The Apples & Pears Foundation publicity in accordance with our internal policies and procedures).
Vigilance and reporting
Our personnel and volunteers are asked to pay attention to safeguarding issues (some examples of which are set out below) and to challenge strangers. If a child makes a disclosure to you about a safeguarding issue, you should be watchful (since a child may broach the subject in a roundabout way), be assuring and listen carefully without showing signs of disquiet or disbelief.
Any safeguarding concerns or hazards must be reported to the school staff on site in confidence as soon as possible. Issues should also be reported to the Safeguarding Lead, but details should not be related to more people than is absolutely necessary.
Examples of safeguarding issues
Safeguarding issues can arise at home, at school, or elsewhere and can be caused or inflicted by an adult or another child. Some examples are set out below, together with some possible indicators.
Children may behave strangely or appear unhappy for many reasons as they move through the inevitable stages of growing up and of course there may be other explanations for a child showing signs or behaviour that can indicate safeguarding issues, however it is always safest to err on the side of caution and to remember that what appears minor at first could later be revealed to be much more serious.
- Bullying: A suspected bullying incident must be treated as a safeguarding concern whenever there is reasonable cause to suspect that a child is suffering, or is likely to suffer, significant harm (including through rough play). Bullying and aggressive behaviour are not tolerated and must be reported to the teacher(s) on site immediately.
- Physical abuse: Physical abuse involves causing physical harm to a child and may include the fabrication or deliberate inducement of illness in a child. Indicators of physical abuse can include injuries with improbable explanations, refusal to discuss injuries, withdrawal from physical contact and arms and legs covered in hot weather.
- Sexual abuse: Sexual abuse may involve forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact but may also include non-contact activities, such as involving children in looking at, or in the production of, sexual images, watching sexual activities or encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways. Sexual abuse can be perpetrated by children as well as adults. Indicators of sexual abuse may include inappropriate sexualised behaviour, a tendency to cling or need reassurance, regression to young behaviour, apparent secrecy, anorexia or bulimia.
- Emotional abuse: Emotional abuse may involve conveying to a child that they are worthless, unloved or inadequate and may include not giving the child opportunities to express their views, deliberately silencing them, ‘making fun’ of what they say or how they communicate and anything preventing the child participating in normal social interaction. It may involve serious bullying (including cyberbullying), causing children frequently to feel frightened or in danger, or the exploitation or corruption of children. Indicators of emotional abuse may include development lags, over-reaction to mistakes, extremes of passivity or aggression, panic attacks, running away or distrusting familiar adults.
- Neglect: Neglect is the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development. This may occur during pregnancy as a result of maternal substance abuse. Once a child is born, neglect may involve a parent or carer failing to: provide adequate food, clothing and shelter (including exclusion from home or abandonment); protect a child from physical and emotional harm or danger; ensure adequate supervision (including the use of inadequate care-givers); or ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment. It may also include neglect of, or unresponsiveness to, a child’s basic emotional needs. Indicators of neglect can include constant hunger, poor personal hygiene, poor state of clothing, destructive tendencies, low self-esteem or neurotic behaviour.
Safeguarding policy review
The Apples and Pears Foundation is committed to reviewing its safeguarding policy and practice annually.